Israel Travel: a bitof History and Geography of the Holy Land

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Published: 23rd April 2010
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Israel Travel: a bitof History and Geography of the Holy Land



Proof of a Jewish presence in Israel goes back more than 3,000 years, to the creation of the religion and populace. The term "Jews" comes from the foundation in the Kingdom of Judah, an area from which the Jewish community have been frequently dispersed and repopulated over their chronicle. The Jewish Temple in Jerusalem became the only religious structure in the Roman Republic/Roman Empire which did not contain an image of the emperor.



Israel was born as a one-sided oath to one man, Abraham. Israel is a young country that has been dogged by local dispute from its very initial stages. Israel is a parliamentary democracy, divided into six administrative districts. Israel in addition has a structure of "national institutions," that are not part of the administration but serve with it. The State of Israel (Medinat Yisrael) was recognized on May 14, 1948 after almost two thousand years of Jewish dispersal, and after 55 years of efforts to create a Jewish homeland. Israel's democracy has survived under complicated situation and the nation has prospered despite hostilities, ethno-religious conflict, boycotts, mass immigration and terror blasts. Since the creation of the Jewish country, the percentage of the world's Jews in Israel has grown; at present, approximately 40% of the world's Jewish population are Israeli residents.



In 1799 Napoleon briefly subjugated the coast of Israel and prepared a proclamation offering to establish a Jewish state but did not issue it. When the British conquered the Middle-East in 1917, they created two states, the first known as "Palestine" was in an part including modern Israel, the West-Bank and Gaza and Jordan. The following state called "Mesopotamia" was made out of several Ottoman regions around Baghdad. A resolution was made to remove Transjordan (now called Jordan) from the mandate and establish a semi-independent federation there. Fighting among the Arab and Jewish communities of Palestine started in November 1947, right away after the UN decision to create a Jewish state. The Arab States declared they would greet any attempt to form a Jewish territory with war. At first the Arabs had the plus as the British kept an block on Palestine's seas stopping the Jews from bringing arms or man power whilst Arab countries could supply local Arabs who in addition occupied more strategic areas and out-numbered the Jews. In the early stages 100,000 Palestinian Arabs, primarily the upper-classes and better off escaped to closest countries. On May 14, 1948, the last British forces left Haifa, and the Jewish Agency, led by David Ben-Gurion, declared the creation of the State of Israel, in accordance with the 1947 UN Partition Plan. The new state formed a 120-seat parliament, the Knesset, which initially met in Tel Aviv however moved to Jerusalem following the 1949 ceasefire. Throughout the British regime in Palestine, the Jewish people were subject to enormous violence and massacres ordered by Arab civilians or forces of the neighboring Arab states. Declaration of independence of the present State of Israel was introduced on the day that the last British armed forces went out of Israel (May 14, 1948).



Geography



The geography of Israel is various, with desert conditions in the south and snow-capped mountains in the north. In all probability one of the most important distinctive of Palestinian geography is its landscape, which is very uneven indeed. Local climate in Israel is as varied as the country's heterogeneous geography. There are clearly deep contrasts built into Israel's geography and inhabitants, predominantly between the herdsmen of the southern deserts and the northern mount dwellers.



Organically it is an extension of the Sinai Desert, creating a rough triangle with its base in the north near Beersheba, the Dead Sea, and the southern Judean Hills, and it has its peak in the southern tip of the country at Eilat. The country's geographical borders are the Mediterranean to the West, the Jordan Valley Rift to the East, the mountains of Lebanon to the North with Eilat Bay marking the country's southern tip. It is a urbanized country has diverse climatic and geographic environment.



Israel is located Middle East, flanking the Mediterranean Sea, amid Egypt and Lebanon The land of Israel is separated into four general regions: coastal plain--fertile, humid, and heavily populated--stretches all along Mediterranean Sea; inner highlands including Hills of Galilee in north with country's maximum altitude. The terrain of Israel includes the Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley. continental shelf: to depth of exploitation Climate: temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas Terrain: Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley Elevation extremes: lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m. Climate: temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas Terrain: Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley Elevation extremes:.



To graspin Jerusalem



Notre Dame de Sion Ecce Homo

Ecce Homo is the first stop of the cross on Via Dolorosa. It is maintained by a sister's convent from Europe . It is where Pilate presented Jesus to the mob and said "Behold the man".



Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial

The world's most important national Holocaust memorial and museum holds more than 55 million documents in what is considered the largest Holocaust archive in the world.



City tour in bike

Cycle through the streets and alleyways of old and new Jerusalem, during the gentle hours of the night. Feel the midnight captivating of the holy capital as you travel through its quarters. You will be led on this extraordinary tour - which is intended for those who can ride at an intermediate level - by an veteran tour guide.



Western (Wailing) Wall

The Western ("Wailing") Wall is one of Israel's biggest tourist points of interest.



Temple Mount

The chronological site for both the First Temple built by King Solomon, as well as the Second Temple constructed by the returning exiles from Persia.



Dome of the Rock (al-Haram al-Sharif)

The Dome of the Rock or Qubbatus Sakhra as its known by Arabs was made by Abdul Malik ibn Marwan (an Uthmani / Ottoman Khalif).



Belz Synagogue



Garden Tomb

Even though it has a natural garden that has been there for thousands of years (it is watered by an underground spring-see Joh 19:41 "At this time in the place where he was crucified there was a garden;



Garden of Gethsemane

Located outer of the walls of Jerusalem, this magnificent garden among a grove of olive trees is considered to be the place where Jesus predominantly enjoyed prayer and contemplation.



Mahne Yehuda Market

Machane Yehudah (also known as "the shuk") is an open air market in Jerusalem. It consists of few parallel streets between Jaffa Road & Agripas Street.



Chutzot Hayotzer Center



Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Created in the fourth century over the site of a Roman Pagan temple, this is considered one of the world's holiest shrines to Christians, containing the most significant moments of the passing away and resurrection of Jesus Christ.



Bible Lands Museum

The only museum in the world displaying the history of the biblical period in the various Land of the Bible. The Museum is a core for cultural and educational programming.



Article Provied by Jewish Heritage Tour









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